Atopic dermatitis, also called AD or eczema, is a chronic inflammatory skin disease genetically determined by an abnormal immune response. AD is also affected by environmental, emotional and skin barrier defects. The main symptoms are severe itching, redness and dryness of the skin, flaking, frequent bacterial infections and recurring exacerbation periods alternating with periods of remission. Changes most often occur on elbow and knee bends, face and neck. They may also affect the whole body. Knowledge of the factors exacerbating the symptoms of the disease and appropriate care can help to alleviate skin lesions.